He volunteered for an ambulance unit during World War I and later became a leading member of the "Lost Generation." His terse, understated prose made an indelible mark on 20th century literature and his persona as a sportsman and adventurer inspired generations of followers.
He received the Pulitzer Prize in 1953 for The Old Man and the Sea, and the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954.
He nearly died in two plane crashes and the injuries he sustained left him in pain for his remaining years. In 1961, Hemingway committed suicide at his home in Idaho.